If you are a parent with tweens or teens, chances are, you’re heading towards puberty and will potentially see signs of acne down the track. Acne is unfortunately a skin condition that many adolescents develop during their teenage years. When a teen experiences acne, depending on the severity of it, it can cause self-esteem and confidence issues. That is why it is important that you work with your children to help them develop a skincare routine that helps to reduce the effects of acne developing and keeps their skin feeling clean and bacteria free. Let’s take a look at acne, what it is, why does it develop, and how we help our tweens and teens to manage it?

What is acne?

Acne is a condition that is caused by inflammation of the hair follicles on the skin. The most common areas that acne effects are the face, back and chest – however you can have it pop up on other parts of the body as well. 

Why does acne appear?

There are a number of reasons that your tween or teen may develop acne. One reason is due to the hormonal changes that happen during the teenage years. At the start of puberty androgen hormones are released. These hormones cause the oil glands in the skin to expand and start producing larger amounts of oil. 

The acne can then develop due to the bacteria on your skin digesting the oils. Acne can show itself in a number of ways including blackheads, whiteheads and cysts. When severe, acne can cause permanent scarring to the skin.


What can we do to reduce the risks of acne?

Due to the hormonal changes that can happen and the environment factors around us, it is difficult to completely remove the risk of getting acne. However there are a few things that your teen can do to help reduce the risk of getting it and also reduce the severity if they do develop it. 

The first step is to talk with your tween or teen about skin care products. It is important at their age to have a good skincare routine in place. A daily skincare routine can help to manage small outbreaks that they may have. Help them to keep their skin feeling soft and gentle. And help keep the bacteria and oils at bay.

The next thing to do is explain to your tweens and teens why squeezing pimples is a big no no. This can cause further irritation to the skin and potential scaring. As hard as it may be, they need to avoid touching and irritating the affected area.


What is involved in a good skincare routine?

There are a couple of simple steps in a good skincare routine. Firstly, look for products that are aimed at your tween or teen’s age group. These products won’t include harmful ingredients or alcohol, which can damage and irritate their skin. 

A cleanser is the first step in the routine, followed by a nourishing serum and then a moisturiser to leave the skin soft and supple. These three steps help to clean the skin and keep it protected from environmental factors that can contribute to breakouts and acne.

It is important to note that while a good skincare routine is important, some acne cannot be solved with simply washing the skin. In some cases prescription medication is required to clear severe cases of acne. If your tween or teen is experiencing relentless breakouts, speak to your GP, who can give you the best advice on what to do. 

Acne can be hugely damaging to a tween or teens self-esteem. It is important to let your tween or teen know that it won’t last forever. They may be feeling self-conscious and their confidence may lessen, but reminding them they are beautiful on the inside and out and that breakouts are a phase that we all go through, may help to alleviate any stress or angst over it.